• Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "[Baltimore]", 1951 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.Location factors in establishing new manufacturing firms in Maryland.
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  • A comprehensive guide to making better capital structure and corporate financing decisions in todays dynamic business environment Given the dramatic changes that have recently occurred in the economy, the topic of capital structure and corporate financing decisions is critically important. The fact is that firms need to constantly revisit their portfolio of debt, equity, and hybrid securities to finance assets, operations, and future growth. Capital Structure and Corporate Financing Decisions provides an in-depth examination of critical capital structure topics, including discussions of basic capital structure components, key theories and practices, and practical application in an increasingly complex corporate world. Throughout, the book emphasizes how a sound capital structure simultaneously minimizes the firms cost of capital and maximizes the value to shareholders. Offers a strategic focus that allows you to understand how financing decisions relates to a firms overall corporate policy Consists of contributed chapters from both academics and experienced professionals, offering a variety of perspectives and a rich interplay of ideas Contains information from survey research describing actual financial practices of firms This valuable resource takes a practical approach to capital structure by discussing why various theories make sense and how firms use them to solve problems and create wealth. In the wake of the recent financial crisis, the insights found here are essential to excelling in todays volatile business environment.
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  • This volume not only illustrates the research that is being done in the area of human resources in entrepreneurial firms but it raisesmany issues that exemplify the complexity of the topic. It is not a case of small versus large firms. There are small established firms, smallstart-up firms and small high growth firms. As pointed out by Alvarez and Molloy these firms differ with established firms dealing with riskwhile high growth firms deal with uncertainty. These firms vary in ownership based on family ownership, ownership by founder, or sometype of privately held stock ownership. These firms also vary based on how they handle people issues: structure versus lack of structure; thetraditional HR functional approach versus the use of people management practices; person-job fit versus person- organization fit; ability andwork experience versus integrity and conscientiousness; work processes and bureaucracy versus agility and adaptability; tasks versus roles;in-house professionals versus reliance on third-party vendors; traditional pay versus variable pay; short-term orientation of incentives versuslong-term orientation of incentives; and many more.We challenge you to pursue this stream of research and to help not only develop theory and conceptual models and pursue empiricalresearch but to also disseminate your information in a way that will help practitioners and owners in all the small and high growth firms.
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  • Scientific Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, The University of Surrey (School of Management ), course: Production and Operations Management , language: English, abstract: INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the operations strategy of two 'manufacturing firms' with two 'service' firms and to evaluate the order qualifying and order winning criteria.Operations strategy is one part of an enterprise's overall strategy (corporate strategy, business strategy and operational strategy) and defines the enterprise adjustment concerning "core competencies, capabilities and processes, technologies, resources and key tactical activities necessary in any supply network, in order to create and deliver products or services and the value demanded by a customer" (Lowson, 2001). CONCLUSION:The analysis of two manufacturing (Dell, Zara) and two service firms (Lufthansa, McDonalds) shows the correspondence between the theoretical approach of operations management and current practice. Each company has a whole enterprise strategy that includes the operations strategy. Each industry has different order qualifiers, but no company analyzed was able to be the best in all qualifiers, which supports the theoretical conclusion that fulfilling all objectives simultaneously, is impossible (Skinner, 1969).AUTHOR:Markus Baum is Group Finance Director at a management consulting (Germa...
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    1914 РУБ.

  • Globalization no longer means simply finding low-cost countries for sourcing, but has involved to include the opportunity for growth in Asia's emerging domestic markets, specifically China. This development results in extended, truly global supply chains and thus places a higher pressure on working capital. Therefore, several definitions of Supply Chain Management already encompass financial aspects and demand a more integrated consideration of material, information, and financial flows within supply chains. However, more precise theory on "Supply Chain Financing" is understudied and initial implementation of related solutions in industry has only gained momentum during and after the economic and financial crises of 2008 and 2009.In contrast to traditional financial instruments for supply chains - for instance trade finance products which have been around for more than a century - Supply Chain Financing leverages larger and influential members of supply chains. These firms might, for instance, provide easier and cheaper access to financing for smaller supply chain members supporting their profitability through renegotiated and reduced purchasing prices. Echoing recent research results on supply chain risk management, other firms may prefer to take on a supply chain perspective and work on creating agile and resilient supply chains. In this context, Supply Chain Financing can be employed to ensure liquidity for crucial upstream and downstream supply chain partners ...
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  • This book explores how small scale furniture firms in Ghana, and Central Region in focus build up technological capabilities. Over time, small scale furniture firms are expected to acquire new knowledge and skills to complement the learning process. Hence, the accumulated skills interact to determine the product and process production technological capabilities. The performance and mastery of these functions would bring about the desired technological capability build-up.
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  • Locating a manufacturing firm is a challenging task for most managers/owners due to its strategic nature. The significance of selecting perfect locations become important as the success or failure of a firm depends on its location. However, limited information is available on the relative importance of various site selection and operation strategic factors for firms in this sector when making investment and strategic decisions in spite of the continued growth of the industry. Hence, this study determines the importance and the possible relationships between the location decisions factors that influence operations strategy and how these affect the business performance of firms in the manufacturing industry.
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  • Discover the four traits of the best performing, but least known, breakout firms in BRIC countries «Rough diamonds» are the best performing firms in the BRIC (Brazil-Russia-India-China) countries. These firms compare favorably with the top 500 firms and the top 25 manufacturing firms in their countries and comparable firms worldwide, exceeding them profit margins and return on assets over an extended time period. This book outlines who these firms are and explains their exemplary performance through the Four Cs for Sustaining High Performance: Capitalizing on late development; Creating Market Inclusive Niches; Crafting Operational Excellence; and Cultivating Profitable Growth. Offers a description of the four major traits that high performance companies in Brazil, Russia, India and China have in common Contains company profiles from BRIC countries that have proved to be successful Written Sam Park the president at Skolkovo-Ernst & Young for Emerging Market Studies and Chair Professor of Strategy at Moscow School of Management Skolkovo This important resource outlines the four traits of the best performing, but least known, breakout firms in BRIC countries.
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  • This study, Challenges of Financing Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria was undertaken to find out the challenges that funding institutions encounter in their bid to extend credit facilities to the SME sub-sector of the in Nigerian economy. It is a general consensus that SMEs play a key role in transition and developing countries as they account for more than 90% of all firms outside the agricultural sector, constitute a major source of employment and generate significant domestic and export earnings. Studies however show that funding for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) has, for many years, been the bane of growth of this sector of the economy.Access to finance by SME has been a key topic of research by developmental finance organizations and current research in the developing world suggests that SMEs face greater obstacles to accessing finance than larger firms. The study thus identified the various challenges that funding institutions encounter in funding the SME sub-sector.
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  • Master's Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 8,0 (Top-Thesis), Maastricht University (Finance), language: English, abstract: The study extends the literature on venture capital by examining whether entrepreneur's choice for an external investor and certain firm characteristics have an impact on venture success or not. The focus is set on the differences in value creation by venture capitalists and business angels for ventures of the high- and low-technology sector. The assessment of a data set including 252 Series A financing rounds by venture capitalist firms, business angels and collaborative investments of both investors conducted between 2005 and 2012 unveils value enhancing aspects for all three financing solutions. Overall, start-ups initially financed by venture capitalist firms perform best with regard to general venture success (exit and survival rates), whereas start-ups collaboratively supported by venture capitalists and business angels have the highest chances to exit successfully through a trade sale. It becomes further apparent that ventures located in one of the high-technology industries 'internet', 'pharmaceuticals' and 'high-tech', ventures that are longer established in the market and ventures whose Series A financing round was executed more recently indicate an enhanced likelihood of success.
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    5452 РУБ.

  • The study extends the literature on venture capital by examining whether entrepreneur's choice for an external investor and certain firm characteristics have an impact on venture success or not. The focus is set on the differences in value creation by venture capitalists and business angels for ventures of the high- and low-technology sector. The assessment of a data set including 252 Series A financing rounds by venture capitalist firms, business angels and collaborative investments of both investors conducted between 2005 and 2012 unveils value enhancing aspects for all three financing solutions. Overall, start-ups initially financed by venture capitalist firms perform best with regard to general venture success, whereas start-ups collaboratively supported by venture capitalists and business angels have the highest chances to exit successfully through a trade sale. It becomes further apparent that ventures located in one of the high-technology industries 'internet', 'pharmaceuticals' and 'high-tech', ventures that are longer established in the market and ventures whose Series A financing round was executed more recently indicate an enhanced likelihood of success.
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  • Debt financing decision is the most important and crucial decision in the study of capital structure and financial structure because it leads to firm’s performance. The current Study empirically investigated a number of factors affecting debt financing decision and firm’s performance for the non-financial companies listed in Karachi Stock Exchange of Pakistan for the period of 2005-2010. The financial theories like Tradeoff theory (TOT) and Packing order theory (POT) has also been tested in order to see the consistency of factors affecting the debt financing behavior in the current study with above said theories. A Panel data of 341 firms has been used for empirical analysis of the current Study. The variation in debt financing is measured by short-term, long term and total debt while the variation in firm’s performance is measured by profitability and Return on Assets. The current study empirically examined the effect of firm’s specific factors by econometric practice “one way-fixed effect regression model”. The Current study will help the reader for understanding how the different factors affects debt financing and firm performance in non-financial sector of Pakistan
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  • A timely update to one of the most well-received books on project financing As an effective alternative to conventional direct financing, project financing has become one of the hottest topics in corporate finance. Its being used more and more frequently—and more successfully—on a wide variety of high-profile corporate projects, and has long been used to fund large-scale natural resource projects. But the challenges of successful project financing are immense, and the requirements of the process can easily be misunderstood. Thats why John Finnerty has returned with the Third Edition of Project Financing. Drawing on his vast experience in the field, Finnerty takes you through the process step by step. Using updated examples and case studies that illustrate how to apply the analytical techniques described in the book, he covers the rationale for project financing, how to prepare the financial plan, assess the risks, design the financing mix, raise the funds, and much more. Includes completely new chapters that cover the financing of sustainable projects as well as Sharia-compliant (Islamic) project financing New material has been added to the discussion of financial modeling and international debt financing Explores todays most innovative financing techniques and analyzes the shortcomings of unsuccessful project financing attempts Whether youre a corporate finance professional, project planner, or private investor, Project Financing, Third Edition demystifies the complexities of project financing and provides an invaluable guide for anyone who wants to master innovation in corporate finance today.
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  • Private equity minority investments have become an increasingly attractive financing alternative for family firms. However, admitting a private equity investor as a minority shareholder seems to contradict with the objective of the owner family to preserve their continuous and unlimited influence on the businesses since they must at least partially cede control over the firm to the private equity investor. Therefore, the purpose of this book is to identify the primary decision drivers for family firm entrepreneurs in seeking private equity financing despite the therein related partial loss of control. By giving special consideration to the potential cooperation mechanisms between the shareholders, this book goes beyond the scope of previous studies. Cooperation is thereby considered as a prerequisite for the success of minority investments because due to its minority position, the private equity investor is not able to implement its value creation strategy against the will of the family firm entrepreneur.
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  • According to the NACFAM (National Council for Advanced Manufacturing USA) Sustainable Manufacturing is defined as the creation of manufactured products that use processes that are non-polluting, conserve energy and natural resources, and are economically sound and safe for employees, communities, and consumers. The book covers Sustainable Manufacturing techniques such as materials and manufacturing for renewable energies; clean manufacturing technology; ecological manufacturing; energy-efficient manufacturing; remanufacturing; recycling of materials; environmentally conscious design and manufacturing processes; sustainable advanced manufacturing systems; manufacturability in sustainable product design; education and training for sustainable manufacturing.
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  • A comprehensive look at existing technologies and processes for continuous manufacturing of pharmaceuticals As rising costs outpace new drug development, the pharmaceutical industry has come under intense pressure to improve the efficiency of its manufacturing processes. Continuous process manufacturing provides a proven solution. Among its many benefits are: minimized waste, energy consumption, and raw material use; the accelerated introduction of new drugs; the use of smaller production facilities with lower building and capital costs; the ability to monitor drug quality on a continuous basis; and enhanced process reliability and flexibility. Continuous Manufacturing of Pharmaceuticals prepares professionals to take advantage of that exciting new approach to improving drug manufacturing efficiency. This book covers key aspects of the continuous manufacturing of pharmaceuticals. The first part provides an overview of key chemical engineering principles and the current regulatory environment. The second covers existing technologies for manufacturing both small-molecule-based products and protein/peptide products. The following section is devoted to process analytical tools for continuously operating manufacturing environments. The final two sections treat the integration of several individual parts of processing into fully operating continuous process systems and summarize state-of-art approaches for innovative new manufacturing principles. Brings together the essential know-how for anyone working in drug manufacturing, as well as chemical, food, and pharmaceutical scientists working on continuous processing Covers chemical engineering principles, regulatory aspects, primary and secondary manufacturing, process analytical technology and quality-by-design Contains contributions from researchers in leading pharmaceutical companies, the FDA, and academic institutions Offers an extremely well-informed look at the most promising future approaches to continuous manufacturing of innovative pharmaceutical products Timely, comprehensive, and authoritative, Continuous Manufacturing of Pharmaceuticals is an important professional resource for researchers in industry and academe working in the fields of pharmaceuticals development and manufacturing.
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  • The debate for an optimal capital structure among scholars has been fierce. In this heat of global economic meltdown, a strategic financing decision for companies becomes inevitable. Hence, this study is an extension but distinct from prior empirical studies. It stimulates new thoughts of concern on the dynamics of corporate capital structure and what seems optimal for individual firms. It makes up for the paucity of scholarly studies in third world nations on related issues. Also,the findings of this study will foster an effective and efficient financing decision for firms in third world nations. Both consultants and financial analysts will find the study helpful in their financial and advisory services to failing and distressed companies. Likewise, academic scholars as well as students of corporate finance and financial management will find this study helpful in addressing issues in corporate finance relating to corporate capital structure and firms’ market values. Other researchers in related field and discipline will find the study helpful as it will serve as a basis for further study.
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  • Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: Pass with highest distinction, , course: International Business - International Business and Value Creation, language: English, abstract: The concept of Smiling Curve coined by Stan Shih, founder of Acer, shows the appropriable value added in different phases of an industry. Typically the part of a value chain that generates higher value proposition are controlled by firms from developed economies; while firms from developing world are 'stuck' at the manufacturing section with low value added. However, the unprecedented growth of ICT hardware market over the years has opened up possibilities for those latecomers to catch up. Although a handful firms have succeeded, little is known about how they managed to move up along the value chain. Trying to solve this mystery, a conceptual model is proposed based on case studies of ICT firms from an emerging economy, Taiwan. Knowing the difficulties for firms to survive head-to-head competitions that come along with the moving up activities, the model suggests that firms should look for new market opportunities by the means of functional upgrading and innovation, and eventually evolve into creating a new value chain with high end topped by themselves.
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  • The number-one issue for every entrepreneur is Money—getting money, raising money, convincing investors to give you money. Whether you are a start up, a small to mid-sized enterprise, or a $100-million company, your biggest problem is always money. There is currently a mad rush towards private equity—the new, hot way to get financing—but it remains a mystery to most entrepreneurs and owners/managers of SMEs. Money Magnet unlocks the puzzle of private equity financing and shows how understanding private equity is the first step to growing wealth in your business. Historically, the most common ways to raise financing for SMEs was through bank loans or through the stock markets. But banks are notoriously risk-averse and conservative in lending to small businesses, and the great bull market is over. For most small and medium sized companies, the small cap public issue market is no longer a viable source of financing. Enter private equity. There are billions of dollars of private equity funds available in Canada and millions of SMEs looking for money, but the two don’t always know how to find one another and, when they do, usually don’t speak the same language. This is the book that explains to business people what private equity financing is, how it works, how and where to find it, how to be successful in attracting it, and all the advantages and disadvantages of raising financing in this way. Money Magnet is for entrepreneurs in emerging growth companies who are seeking financing and want to explore the benefits of the private equity option. In language that entrepreneurs understand, Jacoline Loewen demystifies the world of private equity in this simple yet comprehensive guide. Money Magnet explains what private equity is and how it works; compares it with traditional sources of financing, such as banks and stock markets; explains the different types of private equity investors (e.g., angels, venture capitalists, fund managers and institutional investors); outlines the benefits and pitfalls; describes how to meet venture capitalists and fund managers; shows how to make a convincing pitch to an investor; reveals what makes investors cringe and what makes them open up their cheque book; provides strategies to deal with the four brutal questions all investors ask; explains in detail the deal process and the deal sheet; gives advice on common conflicts between investors and entrepreneurs and how to manage them; includes a detailed checklist of what an investor wants to know about you and your business; and much more.
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  • Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Excellent, , language: English, abstract: Business ethics is a matter of increasing importance and public awareness. Recent scandals and the financial crisis have suggested that the standard of business ethics is not high and that corporate behaviour should not solely be oriented to profit goals. Rather, a firm's ethical conduct should be part of its focus. While discussions of ethical questions in a market economy are mainly related to large firms, this thesis specifically aims at revealing potential problem issues and solutions for small firms. These firms are often ignored when moral concerns in business are addressed. This is in contrast to their importance for the economy and society of almost every country of the OECD, as they constitute the majority of all companies, and provide a major share of jobs.The majority of the studies examining business ethics are focused on large corporations, using quantitative strategies. Few studies related to small business have been undertaken. The question of how these firms and their owner-managers could systematically engage in business ethics and ethical stakeholder management remain unanswered. The thesis develops a tool which explicitly addresses this topic: the Ethics Integration Guideline. On the basis of a research paradigm of constructivism, a study was designed which was intended to elici...
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    4639 РУБ.

  • An introduction to the manufacturing industry Essential Manufacturing provides a comprehensive introduction to the wide breadth of the manufacturing industry. There is a need for all engineering and business students to understand the importance and context of the manufacturing industry. An engineer should have a well rounded appreciation of all aspects of the industry they work in, including manufacturing. This is evidenced by professional bodies expecting all accredited engineering courses to provide students with a background that allows them to see their own specific discipline in context. Similarly, business students will often find themselves dealing in some way with manufactured products or even be directly involved in manufacturing operations management. This book will cover the full spectrum of the manufacturing industry to provide a holistic appreciation of the topic but with enough detail to be of practical use. The book begins with an introduction to the manufacturing industry, its history, and some important manufacturing concepts. The materials used in manufacturing and how they are produced are covered. This is followed by a more detailed description of the more common manufacturing processes, their application, and the types of automation used in the manufacturing industry. Consideration is then given to the important aspects of manufacturing operations management and production planning and control, work study, and manufacturing economics. How to maintain quality in the manufacturing process, including metrology, is examined and this is followed by human factors in manufacturing. Finally, a speculative look at the future of manufacturing is included. Key features: Takes a self-contained approach. Includes review questions. Suitable as an introduction for more advanced study. Satisfies the requirements of college and first and second year university engineering courses. The book provides a comprehensive, concise introduction to the manufacturing industry for engineering and management students.
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  • Manufacturing Architecture is the first reference guide to customizing repetitive manufacturing for architects. Computer-aided design has greatly expanded the...
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  • A quantitative method was used to explore the financial performance of the firms listed on the Kuwait Stock Exchange. The number of firms explored was 196 out of a possible 206 (two firms are subsidiaries of one of the firms and others are insurance firms excluded from this study). The listed firms were observed from 2009-2014 to understand their status in the market and the direction they were heading towards. The financial data were gathered from the published annual reports of the respective firms and the financial statements from the Kuwait Stock Exchange website. This exploration is a stepping-stone for potential investors by showing the most profitable sectors for investment and for future researchers to predict accurate bankruptcy rates in the State of Kuwait.
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    5152 РУБ.

  • This book is the first of its kind to collectively address design-based and mechanical micro-manufacturing topics in one place. It focuses on design and materials selection, as well as the manufacturing of micro-products using mechanical-based micro-manufacturing process technologies. After addressing the fundamentals and non-metallic-based micro-manufacturing processes in the semiconductor industry, it goes on to address specific metallic-based micro-manufacturing processes, such as: micro-forming, micro-machining, micro-molding, micro-laser processing, micro-layered manufacturing, micro-joining, micro-assembly and materials handling, and microEDM and ECM. The book provides an in-depth understanding of materials behavior at micro-scales and under different micro-scale processing conditions, while also including a wide variety of emerging micro-scale manufacturing issues and examples.
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  • The furniture industry has played an important role in the history of the United States as a bellwether for manufacturing. This sector continues to be a major manufacturing employer in the US and around the world through its utilization of a global production network. Types of furniture range from household (indoor and outdoor) to institutional, with particular growth in firms supplying medical and government-related commodities. The industry is highly responsive to economic and fashion trends, but is partitioned into high, medium and low cost segments that reveal different location-al and market responses to changes in these factors. Recent developments indicate that the post-1980's migration of furniture manufacturing to offshore, low labor cost countries has stabilized and shows signs of re-shoring in the US for high end customized technologically intensive products utilizing the remaining embedded skilled labor and locally clustered industry components. Businesses that survived the recessionary 'creative destruction' largely adopted lean manufacturing processes and took advantage of newly available, lower cost equipment and buildings to upgrade their production practices, absorbing market from former competitors. New partnerships will be traced with branches and headquarter relocations in Asia, along with cooperative supplier relationships with former U.S. and new foreign companies. Industry survivors adopted practices that could be highly instructive for othe...
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    4577 РУБ.

  • A unique, international approach to optimal real estate financing Property Finance is an authoritative guide to both the financial and legal issues surrounding real estate financing. Unique in its exclusive focus on the topic, this book builds from a solid theoretical foundation to provide practical tools and real-world solutions. Beginning with a discussion of the general issues encountered in real estate finance from an international perspective, the authors delve into country-specific information and set out the legal peculiarities of eight important countries (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, China, India, England and Wales) by asking questions of relevance to the leading local law firms specializing in real estate financing. The reader may thus consider in greater depth the problems relating to any given country and compare and contrast the positions under different legal systems. Examples with numerical calculations and contract excerpts enhance the explanations presented, and are immediately followed by practical case studies that illustrate the mechanisms at work. The companion website features downloadable spreadsheets used in the examples, power point presentations, as well as real estate news and more. Property financing entails many sources of capital, including both debt and equity resources as well as hybrid forms like preferred equity and mezzanine debt. Knowing how to work with these avenues is important to ensuring financial sustainability in real estate assets. Property Finance covers the most common issues encountered, helping readers prepare for and find a way around possible roadblocks. Consider the issues surrounding real estate lending at an international level Compare and contrast the positions under different legal systems Develop an international perspective on cash flows and financing agreements Use powerful tools to structure financing and gauge its effects on property financing The success of a real estate investment is dependent upon optimal financing, and a mere birds eye view of the topic does not fully prepare investors for issues ahead: Property Finance provides a knowledge-based approach to real estate investment, detailed information and powerful tools.
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    6294.99 РУБ.

  • In todays world, only the smartest survive. The competitive landscape is littered with graves of well-known firms whose revenues, profits and stock prices rose for decades until they suddenly imploded. In fast-changing business environments, firms must adapt their strategies and innovate to remain at the top. But many successful firms fail to do so. Instead, they succumb to inertia, hesitate, or stick blindly to their old strategies, until it is too late. The ability to adapt to change is a measure of intelligence; so why do firms demonstrate such low Strategic IQ? What causes inertia and why is it so deadly? How can leaders help their firms to act more intelligently? This book identifies the key sources of inertia – strategic, structural and huma – and provides practical advice on how they can be overcome to create smarter corporations. It is both a wake-up call for successful firms and a lifeline for firms struggling to succeed. To successful firms – beware! You may already be dead! To struggling firms – have hope! It is possible to pass powerful competitors by raising your strategic, structural and human IQ. Praise for Strategic IQ «Hard-hitting and stimulating, Wells thesis carries a robust message that should make business leaders the world over sit up and think.» Archie Norman, Chairman of ITV, UK «Wells makes a compelling case for dramatic change.» Ron Sargent, CEO of Staples, USA
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    3246.89 РУБ.

  • Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, University of applied sciences, Nürnberg, language: English, abstract: This work is divided into different parts. The first part Framework and theoretical background introduces the business life cycle concept and the definition of the basic terms Start Up, finance and investment. Furthermore the first part presents briefly the different types of financing. The second section Financing sources of Start Ups goes much depper into the different financing types for Start Ups by differencing according to equity financing, debt financing, internal and external financing. The third part Categorization of Start Ups attempts to find similarities in the different business models of Start Ups in order to segment the Start Ups. The fourth chapter Results tries to match the results of section two Financing sources of Start Ups and section three Categorization of Start Ups in order to answer the research question. The last section Conclusion will complete and limit the entire work and will give recommendation for further research.
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    2164 РУБ.

  • Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2016 im Fachbereich BWL - Investition und Finanzierung, Note: 2,0, FOM Essen, Hochschule für Oekonomie & Management gemeinnützige GmbH, Hochschulleitung Essen früher Fachhochschule (FOM Hochschule für Oekonomie & Management), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: The aim of this paper is to evaluate whether crowdfunding is a realistic form of financing for startups in Europe. Therefore, theoretical principals of startup financing, as well as crowdfunding and its different dimensions, have to be scrutinized further. Moreover, a general overview of the European startup and crowdfunding market has to be provided. This paper focuses on commercial startups located in the member states of the European Union.This paper begins with an introduction of the theoretical principles of startup financing. After a brief definition of startups, the occasions for obtaining financing are pointed out in the context of the life cycle model of a venture. In this regard, traditional forms of startup financing and the related issues are analysed. A more detailed look is also taken on the issue of information asymmetry. Chapter 3 deals with crowdfunding as a source of financing. After an overview of the evolution of crowdfunding, this concept is examined in greater detail. Specifically, the definition and basics of crowdfunding, the main actors and the different forms of crowdfunding are presented. Next, this chapter deals with a typical process of establishing and running a...
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    4827 РУБ.

  • Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, University of Central Lancashire, language: English, abstract: In this study an in depth investigation of successful competitive strategies for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is undertaken. The overall aim of this study is to analyse the strategic orientation of UK Manufacturing SMEs. In the process, it will test Porter's (1980, 1985) theoretical framework of generic strategies and thus evaluate firms' preferred strategic synthesis. It will, therefore, test the efficacy of the value chain and develop any specific pattern that relates to a combination strategy. The investigation of the above objectives is undertaken utilising a mixed research methodology with the purpose of examining the applicability of existing competitive strategy frameworks (phase 1) and testing a new theoretical framework that incorporates additional dimensions of strategy (phase 2). During phase 1, Porter's framework is employed to investigate SMEs' strategic orientation as a means to achieve sustainable competitive advantage. A semi-structured questionnaire is employed and the analysis is carried out by means of factor and cluster analysis to identify strategic variables currently employed by SMEs. During phase 2, the theoretical framework is operationalised to bridge the gap within the literature and existing empirical research. Its purpose is to ide...
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    4577 РУБ.

  • Project Report from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: C, University of Bedfordshire (MSc Finance & Business Management), language: English, abstract: Financial Capital is considered as the superior source of funding required by the firms to begin or to carry its operation. Different theories have been proposed over time to assist managers in making the financing decision. In this regard the Pecking Order theory is the prominent one, which urged the company to give Retained Profit as the first priority whenever the company face the situation to raise capital. Debt is the only attractive alternative which not only supports the company to start and survive but also helps it to expand its operations with the intension of challenging the leaders of the specified industry. The capability of the company to finance its working capital is the major concern which is the main endeavour of finance manager to resolve. It is a essential requirement for the company to settle the account with the supplier of the fund before entering the agreement. The source of capital for Working Capital can be divided in to four main classes (Internal Financing, Security Financing, Loan Financing and other financing sources). It has been understood from the Case Study section, that Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), Lloyds TSB and HBOS would undergo the Bailout package which would not only give the government the stakes within the Bank but al...
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